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Seventh Continent, the (第七洲) [1989]

the Seventh Continent (第七洲) [1989]

導演
Michael Haneke
演員
Dieter Berner, Birgit Doll, Leni Tanzer, Udo Samel
連結
imdb link

 

 

簡介
“冰川三部曲” (glaciation trilogy) 的第一部~ 根據真實事件改編~ Georg 和 Anna 是一對奧地利夫婦, 他們育有一位標緻漂亮的小女兒 Eva~ 年前, Anna 的母親去世, 她的弟弟 Alexander 掉進抑鬱的深淵, Georg 在新職位工作又不太如意, 不過現在總算是雨過天晴, 一家人過著豐足富裕的中產生活, 完全不愁衣食~ 一年, 兩年就此無風無浪地過去, Georg 和 Anna 卻對這種週而復始的生活感到不滿, 他們決定賣掉樓房和座駕, 聲稱要舉家移民到澳洲, 但其實 Georg 和 Anna 暗裡已另有出人意表的安排…

 

評語
奧地利導演 Michael Haneke 自編自導的電影都總有一對中產夫婦/情人, 他們的名字都一定是最平凡不過的 Georg 和 Anna, 意味著他們的普遍性, 也讓他們成為所屬社會階層的代表, 這一點在導演首部劇情長片 “the Seventh Continent” 中已是如此~ 此片亦是 Haneke 所謂 “冰川三部曲” 的第一部, 導演自言這一系列電影旨在反映 “奧地利情感逐漸冰封” (the progressive emotional glaciation of Austria) 的現代社會異狀~

Michael Haneke 在 “the Seventh Continent” 中採取非常風格化的手段, 冷酷得近乎殘忍地展示現代中產生活的疏離, 刻板和枯燥~ 電影共分成三部分, 分別講述 Georg (Dieter Berner 飾) 一家在1987, 1988 及1989年的生活, 但各部分的情節卻不斷重複 (晨早起床, 做家務, 洗車等), 連拍攝角度和方法也幾近相同, 反映出現代生活刻板沉悶的規律~ 全片由很多零碎的片段組成, 段與段之間沒有明顯的因果關係, 甚至像是隨意的生活剪影, 每段之間都以約三秒長的黑色畫面作間隔, 又不時在行動中途突然中斷, 刻意破壞觀影的流暢性, 突顯疏離的感覺~ 導演較近期的作品 “Code Unknown” (巴黎怨曲) [2000] 同樣採取了類似的剪輯手法~

在片中, 攝影機經常以近鏡捕捉人物的身體部分 (主要是手和腳), 觀眾很多時候根本看不見角色的臉孔, 只見雙手不停熟練地工作 (#1, #2, #3), 就如冰冷的機器零件一樣欠缺人性~ 這種近乎儀式性的拍攝手法, 尤見於片中進行各種買賣交易時的情形, 特別是收銀員飛快地按鍵和收銀機價目跳動的畫面 (#4, #5), 直指出資本主義社會把日常生活變成買賣和數字的非人化現狀~

即使觀眾終於看見片中人的面貌, 聽見他們說話, 也總是出現幕幕溝通困難, 欺騙和誤會的情景: 驗眼師 Anna (Birgit Doll 飾) 在工作時毫不理會客人的說話, 只把客人看成另一件商品; 她後來車上突然哭泣, 家人都茫然不知該作如何反應~ 幼女 Eva (Leni Tanzer 飾) 在學校佯裝失明, 事後母親雖說不會怪責她, 卻仍狠狠給她一記耳光; Eva 後來在課堂上說身體痕癢而不停抓癢, 但老師已不再相信她的說話~ 諷刺地, 片中人能真情流露, 互相安慰之時, 就只限於面對死亡的一刻 (熱帶魚和 Eva 之死), 暗示只有親眼目睹死亡才能牽動現代人極度冷漠的情感~

Michael Haneke 在近作 “Hidden” (偷拍) [2005] 中沒有用上任何配樂, 他在 “the Seventh Continent” 所加的 “配樂” 則都來自畫內的電視機或交通工具, 旨在更進一步加強片中冰冷疏離的效果~ 當 Georg 一家人駕車沿途遇上交通意外時, 他們從車上隔著被雨水沾得朦朧不清的玻璃窗看見撞車的殘骸, 車禍死者的屍體都已被白布覆蓋, 車內還播著柔和悅耳的音樂, 讓他們從 “安全” (而抽離) 的角度觀看旁人的悲劇~ Georg 在家內大肆破壞後, 電視上先後播出 Céline Dion 的 “the Power of Love” 和 Meat Loaf 的 “A Piece of the Action”, 這兩首歌頌愛情的流行歌曲跟冷漠無情的現代社會實況完全格格不入, 就如像不屬於現世的夢想, 同時諷刺早已被商品化的 ”愛情” 也未能給予救贖~ 至於在澳洲旅遊廣告版上的那片無人沙灘, 多次跟現實世界並置時更簡直是超現實, 也是完全跟生活脫節的幻想~

Georg 跟 Eva 前往賣車時, 車上播出 Alban Berg 的小提琴協奏曲 “To the Memory of an Angel”~ 這首悲傷的無調性樂曲, 原是音樂家為悼念 Alma Mahler (馬勒生前的妻子) 18歲逝世的女兒 Manon Gropius 所作, 放在這裡就像提早獻給 Eva 的輓歌, 但當 Georg 關上車門時, 卻粗暴地一併把音樂中斷~ 隨後當 Georg 跟車場主人交易時, 又再出現那些 “一手交錢, 一手交貨” 的冰冷畫面~

像 Michael Haneke 最惡名昭彰的作品 “Funny Games” (你玩得起.你玩唔起) [1997], 導演在本片中沒有明確交代片中人的思想, 堅決不讓觀眾輕易解釋背後的動機~ Georg 和 Anne 在片末破壞家中所有東西, 又把銀紙沖進馬桶, 最後集體自殺, 試圖破壞現代社會的遊戲規則~ 這雖可視作對病態現實的控訴, 但更可怕的是, 攝影機拍攝他們在屋內各自進行破壞時, 角度和手法竟然跟他們先前起初做悶蛋家務時完全相同 (#6, #7, #8), 無情地點出他們根本走不出孤寂的框框, 更別說動搖資本主義制度根深蒂固的中產生活模式~

有評論者把本片著重身體部分的拍攝手法和探討人際關係疏離的題材分別跟布烈遜 (Robert Bresson) 和安東尼奧尼 (Michelangelo Antonioni) 相提並論, 但無疑 Michael Haneke 所描寫的世界比起二者都只更加黑暗, 更加絕望, 而活在這情感冰封世界的人更是無處可逃~

[ 8.5 ]

 

21 comments to Seventh Continent, the (第七洲) [1989]

  • chaNo Gravatar

    寫得非常好!
    好震撼,心靈再次受到衝擊
    有時我都反問自己點解會咁鍾意佢o的戲,
    係咪因為自己都活響呢個冰冷疏離既世界?

  • 謝謝~ haneke o既電影真係好冷好殘忍, 第一部開始已經完全成形了, 真有興趣睇睇佢d 早期電視作品~

  • 這部的分數怎麼比Benny’s Video高那麼多呢??
    這部片的風格過冷
    難以消化~~

  • 片末既flashback畀我一種好強烈既虛無感覺
    死前回顧一生,都係一d零碎,無因果關係,無意義,短暫既片段…

  • 我認為Haneke電影其中一個最”暴力”的地方就是剪接, 他總是可以讓畫面予人抽離, 無情, 冷酷的感覺…

  • 基本上我最鍾意就係第七洲
    Michael既電影,最考人耐性,好多戲都唔到最後你唔知佢想講咩.
    特別要多謝你既貢獻,唔係我都唔會明多咁多野
    係第3部,我真係一d都唔明,雖然睇戈時都get到d零碎既感受
    如個小朋友係街乞食冇人理,點知一上電視就有人照顧,真諷刺…而實實在在我地正係呢種人,唔知何時會被媒體主導o左我地既心靈(我本身想講眼睛,都係心靈岩d)
    第七洲最出色係佢係戲入面無形滲透既張力,好似呀媽突然打個女;個呀哥明明唔鍾意戈時既音樂,人地問佢係唔係要關,佢都矢口否認.連親人既相處都要咁唔誠懇,而呢d野小女孩卻一一看在眼裡,然而她對於滿口謊言而又不允許她說謊的大人,感到無比困惑.
    而每次見於人物突然崩塌痛哭…其他人都是無所適從
    你是多可悲…但反觀自己又確切活於這模樣的世界…
    尾段就震撼人心,無情的剪碎,破壞,摧毀都使人毛骨悚然…

    但我正正喜歡這樣最沉靜的黑暗.
    最後,還是想再一次感謝你,你讓我學了很多,也愛上了michael haneke

    ps,你沒看the Piano Teacher (鋼琴教師)嗎?
    如果有,也期待你的撰文!

  • 米高漢尼卡的《第七大陸》實驗味濃, 但絕對精彩:

    一. 片中人物角色的物化(Objectification), 僅藉著重覆、單調的手部動作特寫鏡頭便完成。

    二. 全片由一段段生活片段組成, 段與段之間, 穿插著一個又一個黑色空鏡。這些黑色空鏡不但沒有打斷影片的節奏(剛好相反, 重覆出現的黑色空鏡產生了一種貫穿全片的獨有節奏), 而且製造出一種無形的壓迫力、一種蕭殺沉重的氛圍(試想像在黑暗的影院內, 感受將會如何)。甚至可以說, 《第》片中的黑色空鏡, 性質其實與「摩斯密碼」相仿 — 《第》片冷漠、沉重的氛圍, 透過黑色空鏡傳遞到《巴黎怨曲》(Code Unknown)之中, 兩片關係也就這樣在不知不覺之間產生。

    以上兩點, 足證漢尼卡對格式塔心理學(Gestalt psychology)認識之深。

  • re: Nathan
    謝謝你的留言~ 我也很喜歡 “第七洲”, Haneke的電影真發人深思, 而且總是很無情, 細節上的計算很精密~ “the Piano Teacher” 也有看過, 早前回顧展再看了一次, 不過文章寫到一半又寫不下去… 請問你也有寫網誌嗎?

  • o,gar~
    the Piano Teacher我自己都覺得好好睇,我覺得女主角對愛情既懼怕和渴望,極之寫實…係一種深層的接受憂慮.建基於愛情的信任其實是膚淺和表面,因為一切都只不過係真實的感覺.而佢受社會道德的被動性自我要求而作出的病態行為來滿足自己…都係令人覺得悲傷…她的害怕造就佢要在情感上主權,這是多麼可悲的事,這是多麼平常之事.而我覺得最悲慘都是那個男…都被「玩弄」得無所適從,什至可以說是逼瘋了

    嗯.我有寫blog的,不過電影評論就真係一篇都冇
    入面寫既都係對一位日本女歌手-椎名林檎的感受
    如果唔介意都可以去望下

    http://hk.myblog.yahoo.com/Nathan-0301
    其實我唔係唔想寫電影評論,而係覺得自己唔夠料寫…

    嗯,如果唔介意,add 埋我msn,得閒有機會可以再傾
    crazy_and_blind@yahoo.com.hk

    另外我最近睇o左 藍,白 兩部
    見你的評價非常高,雖然藍同白都係出色之作…小弟委實鍾愛Michael Haneke 既片多d,可唔可以詳細解釋一下點解你覺得藍,白咁出色既?
    還有,有沒有什麼推薦的導演,電影你認為一定要看的呢?

  • re: Nathan
    我也很喜歡椎名林檎呀!! 不過比較她早期的東西, 她近期的出品都比較多修飾~ 其實每個人也有自己喜歡的電影吧, 這個是很自然的事, 我自己喜歡的電影也會不斷改變… 如果真要我推薦, 我會介紹你看看從前的荷里活電影, 例如billy wilder, howard hawks, john ford, hitchcock 一類導演的東西, 他們的作品比歐洲那邊的容易看, 但藝術性也很高~ 我比較少用msn, 不過有機會也聊聊吧~ 謝謝留言~

  • 看完了…有點感想…先多謝筆者之見解,有些points我真係睇5 出…這套將近廿年的作品, 仍然用得上現今生活上…看到一個人一生一手建立(如 Georg一家: Georg 很發奮向上工作,老板對他不好,仍很努力;Anna克盡做老婆,做母親的責任,又是事業女性; Evi聽從父母,乖巧,虔誠)而亦要自我一手摧毀(5知最後有無賣埋間屋,無交代),5似Anna阿媽,死o左留下遺產,都幾徹底同悲涼…不過我會當fiction去睇,因為現實中如果要死,仲咩仲要攪o甘多野,要全破壞??因為所有東西只有生前有意義(除非Georg想做思想家,死前攪o甘多野,之後實上頭條,想日後o的人反思之類);要死係因為生活呆板??動機太不足夠la…就正如Benny in Benny’s Video話點解去殺人係因為想睇下係點,殺完人又離奇地冷靜,仲要去嘆番杯乳酪…不過我相信所有看官都有基本知識,5 會信晒Haneke所拍既o的野,因為所說都係個別事件罷了…睇完一笑置之,再繼續生活,繼續積極上路(p.s. 其實人生就係一本自我錄像,要拍咩錄咩自己話事,因為到最後都係自己睇番,so, just enjoy當中拍攝過程吧)

  • re: 心苗
    可以這樣看, Haneke的電影追求的從來就不是傳統電影那種 “寫實”, 即角色平凡親民, 情節可信合理那種~ 他的電影是一種闡述其世界觀的手段, 人物和情節都只是抽象的例子和理據, 他的男女主角永遠都叫 Georg 和 Anna 便是一例~ 所以更值得討論的是背後的世界觀和對社會的批判, 而不是情節本身的合理性~

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